It would be nice to have a utopia where robots can produce enough food / clothing / shelter / infrastructure for everybody to live without anybody having to work.
But there are two problems:
- How do we deal with the inevitable economic disruption of intermediate states between the status quo (~90%+ of the population has to work) and the end game (~0% of the population has to work). When, say, ~50% of the population has to work, how do we determine which 50% ends up working without creating a class divide that tears society apart?
- Are we really sure that a utopia is the inevitable outcome of superintelligent machines? Since having resources is an instrumental goal that is a useful stepping stone to many different final goals, what would keep superintelligent machines from appropriating for their own ends resources humanity needs to live? Eliezer Yudkowsky, a person who has thought a lot about this issue, summarizes it as follows: "The AI does not hate you, nor does it love you, but you are made of atoms it can use for something else."
Greater class divide than what currently exists? Don't we have greater class divide right now then at any point in recent history? And it isn't caused by people not working but rather by 84 people that have trillions in wealth.
I read that in the United States there are millions (I think it was like 40 million or so don't remember the exact number)
of people that work in the transportation sector as truck drivers, bus drivers you name it.
We also have Deep learning algorithms (AI or machine learning whatever you want to call it) that are capable of driving vehicles better than humans can. Google self driving car is one example of such technology. So just with this one application of deep learning, millions of people lose their jobs and in the process millions of products become cheaper because you no longer have to worry about paying a salary to workers in the transportation sector.
I think the basic needs of people like food, shelter, clothing, education etc. will be met sooner than we think. I think what will happen is that technology will displace many workers very fast in all industries and everyone's basic needs will basically be free. If it is not free it'll probably be 'subsidized' by basic income until humans aren't need and stuff becomes free.
There is an entire universe to explore for resources. There is no need for a super intelligence to stay on Earth. I think a super intelligence would probably be more empathetic to life on Earth and not exploit everything for its own personal gain. Even us humans have nature reserves where we aren't allowed to exploit the resources there for personal gain.
This is probably going to step on some toes but I'll say it anyways because I think it is probably true. People that tend to identify as politically liberal tend to be more empathetic towards other people and other animals. That is why PETA exists for example to protect animals from cruelty.
Also, people that identify as liberal tend to have higher intelligence on average. See the connection? Greater intelligence greater empathy. I think a super intelligent being would look at modern day humans and call us savages.